Week of January 22, 2012—Picture Book Writer’s Glossary
Wednesday, January 25, 2012—The Glossary, M-Q
Meaningful list (or purposeful list)—meaningful lists include details, move action along, or otherwise enhance writing can be helpful. (For instance: Twelve Clydesdale horse, two Dalmatians, and four firefighters rode Engine #49 in the parade.)
Metaphor—a comparison of two different things that does NOT use like or as (For instance: The sun is an orange basketball bouncing through the sky.) See: http://robsanderswrites.blogspot.com/2011/03/similes-and-metaphorscomparisons-r-us.html.
Modifier—a word, phrase, or sentence that limits or qualifies the sense of another word, phrase, or sentence is called a modifier. Often modifiers are two hyphenated words used to qualify something about another word or phrase. (For instance: Jake was a first-time award winner.)
Moral/lesson ending—writers can communicate a moral or lesson learned at the end of their writing. A moral/lesson ending may be obvious and stated (for instance: I sure learned a lesson that day and from now I will think before I speak) or it may be implied and subtle. CAUTION: Avoid being preachy or didactic. See: http://robsanderswrites.blogspot.com/2011/02/effective-endings.html.
Onomatopoeia—the use of words that sound like the noise they make. Also known as sound effects (such as cuckoo or boom). See: http://robsanderswrites.blogspot.com/2011/03/onomatopoeias-i-love-sound-of-it.html.
Pacing—the speed at which a story progresses. The rate of pacing can change throughout a story—from fast to slow and vice versa. http://robsanderswrites.blogspot.com/2011/05/bit-about-pacing.html.
Personification—giving human characteristics to non-human, inanimate things. (For instance: The car wipers batted away tears. OR The tree streched its arms to the sky.) See: http://robsanderswrites.blogspot.com/2011/03/personificationgiving-legs-to-words.html.
Plot—the structure and action of the events in a work of fiction. In order for a plot to begin some sort of catalyst must occur.
Point of view (POV)—the way a story is told and who tells it. The two most common POVs used in picture books are first-person POV (when the narrator speaks as “I” and is a character in the story) and third-person POV (when the narrator seems to be standing outside the story and refers to all the characters by name and uses he, they, she, etc.).
Problem—giving the central character a problem, situation, or challenge (no matter how big or small) that he/she must successfully solve/resolve (most often by himself/herself) for the story to come to a satisfactory conclusion.